- early member of the NSDAP
- publisher of the Der Sturmer, a virulently anti-Semitic newspaper from 1924-1946; the unofficial mouthpiece of the Nazi party.
- Gauleiter of Nuremberg from 1933-1940; responsible for the destruction of the Great Synagogue of Nuremberg.
- Charged with crimes against peace and crimes against humanity during the Nuremberg trials.
- Cleared of the charge of crimes against peace.
- Judged guilty of crimes against humanity.
- In essence, prosecutors contended that Streicher's articles and speeches were so incendiary that he was an accessory to murder, and therefore as culpable as those who actually ordered the mass extermination of Jews. They further argued that he kept up his anti-Semitic propaganda even after he was aware that Jews were being slaughtered.
- Hung on October 16, 1946.